How we teach maths
At Stonham Aspal, children are taught numeracy every day. Lessons have clear learning objectives so children understand what they are learning and can assess how well they have done in the same way their teachers do. Children develop their knowledge of number, calculations, shape and space, measures and data handling. They can apply their knowledge of mathematical ideas through problem solving and are encouraged to use mathematical language when justifying their answers. Mental calculation strategies are also taught regularly.
Teachers provide activities that challenge children working at different levels. Additional adult support is also used within lessons and mathematical resources are often used to support children's learning whilst working independently.
At Stonham Aspal, our calculation policy has been developed to ensure that by the end of Year 6 all children:
- Have a secure knowledge of number facts and good understanding of the four operations;
- Are able to use this knowledge and understanding to carry out calculations mentally and to apply general strategies when using one-digit and two-digit numbers and particular strategies to special cases to involving bigger numbers;
- Make use of diagrams and informal notes to help record steps and parts of answers when using mental methods that generate more information than can be kept in their heads;
- Have an efficient, reliable, compact written method of calculation for each operation that they can apply with confidence when undertaking calculations that they cannot carry out mentally;
- Use a calculator effectively, using their mental skills to monitor the process, check the steps involved and decide if the numbers displayed make sense.
The calculation policy is broken down into four strands – addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
From Year 3 to Year 6, children complete weekly tests on multiplication facts. They progress through the 'tables' as below. This ensures that children are able to recall and use these multiplication facts when dealing with trickier calculations.
Progression of tables:
1. 2 times-table
2. 10 times-table
3. 5 times-table
4. 3 times-table
5. 4 times-table
6. 6 times-table
7. 8 times-table
8. 9 times-table
9. 7 times-table
10. 11 times-table
11. 12 times-table
The language of maths is important and children learn a wide range of words to support their knowledge. Here are the different words associated with the four mathematical operations.